What is the difference between cybersecurity and information security?
Information security and cybersecurity are often confused. InfoSec is a crucial part of cybersecurity, but it refers exclusively to the processes designed for data security. Cybersecurity is a more general term that includes InfoSec.
What is an information security management system (ISMS)?
An ISMS is a set of guidelines and processes created to help organizations in a data breach scenario. By having a formal set of guidelines, businesses can minimize risk and can ensure work continuity in case of a staff change. ISO 27001 is a well-known specification for a company ISMS.
What is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)?
In 2016, the European Parliament and Council agreed on the General Data Protection Regulation . In the spring of 2018, the GDPR began requiring companies to:
- provide data breach notifications
- appoint a data-protection officer
- require user consent for data processing
- anonymize data for privacy
All companies operating within the EU must comply with these standards.
What certifications are needed for cybersecurity jobs?
Certifications for cybersecurity jobs can vary. For some companies, their chief information security officer (CISO) or certified information security manager (CISM) can require vendor-specific training.
More generally, nonprofit organizations like the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium provide widely accepted security certifications. Certifications can range from CompTIA Security+ to the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).